- Category: Samples
Library services are very important in modern day as Instructional technology in education is on the increase in modern day learning. The purpose of this study was to investigate challenges facing loaning of information materials in university libraries in Kenya focusing on Kisii University in Kisii County. The specific objectives of this study was to; establish the challenges of availability of information materials for loaning to students, ascertain the challenges of record keeping of borrowed information materials and to find out if students return information materials on due dates and the effects of delayed discharge of information materials on loaning. The researcher used a case study design which brought out more details about the problem. The accessible target population of the study comprised of 15000 students and 50 library officials. The sample size was 1500 students and 15 library officials. Research instruments that were used include questionnaire and interviews with data being analyzed qualitatively by use frequencies and percentages. Presentation of data was made inform of tables. The findings of this study were that records’ keeping of borrowed information materials and the availability of information materials is good and does not affect loaning. Low and poor returning behavior by borrowers is what really affects loaning as it inconvenience other users who needs the same information material which have not been returned or have been returned in poor conditions and thus they cannot be loaned the material for their academic work.
This chapter highlights the background of the study, the statement of the problem, purpose of the study, objective of the study, research questions and the significance of the study. It also comprises of the limitation and delimitation.
1.1 Background of the study.
School library policies are set for borrowing time limits so that materials can be kept in circulation, and library patrons have the opportunity to read, listen, or view a particular item. Are library due dates for print books and hard-copy media out of sync with sources of electronic media that students access? Can library users even keep an eBook past its due date? Few school librarians consider fines a revenue source so why are they assessed? Does today’s online movie viewing involve due dates and late fees? Just as practices for searches have been influenced by Google, maybe library lending policies should be reviewed in light of the day.
Of all the policy implications, the most damaging is barring students from checking out library resources. This is especially true for economically disadvantaged students who are unable to reimburse the district, may have little or no access to a public library, and may also lack suitable reading materials at home” (Adams 2010). A child or teen’s personal or family circumstances may make it particularly difficult to practice good library borrowing habits. Many children spend various days of the week, weekends, or weeks of the month with one or the other parent. Late or lost library materials may be a consequence of shuttling back and forth between two families. Some children are living in difficult family situations; others are homeless. In these stressful circumstances, a library book may be low on a list of competing priorities.
Do classroom teachers expect to adhere to strict due dates or pay fines for late or lost materials? While providing teachers with a list of their overdue items is common, few school libraries charge teachers fines. Many classroom teachers also use public libraries and can easily renew those materials online. Can teachers renew school library materials as easily? While the point of due dates is equitable access, sharing resources can be especially challenging in schools and districts when standardized schedules may require classroom teachers to use the same or similar resources at the same time. How the library handles the distribution of resources and supports interlibrary loan (usually from outside the district or from the public library) matters to classroom teachers. How, then, can the library best accommodate a standardized curriculum? (Judi, 2013)
In tight budget times, administrators pay attention to how precious monies are spent. Principals who see the annual library material loss figure as a percentage of the annual budget may be motivated to help faculty implement reasonable accountability measures. In years where there is no budget for materials, losses are especially painful and have long-term consequences to collection development. Enlisting the principal’s support for developing an effective policy is critical (Judi, 2013)
Parents need to be informed about their shared responsibility for their children’s and their family’s school library material borrowing. If families have not used the resources and services of the public library before their children enter formal schooling, taking financial responsibility for replacing damaged or lost library materials can be an obligation some families do not want to assume and cannot afford. This may be a barrier for families who could most benefit from access to school library materials. Some parents who are public library users may be surprised if their students cannot renew their books online. Some may be upset by fines assessed and consequences such as withholding yearbooks or privileges. Having clear, publicly accessible policies and communicating them are important to maintaining positive relationships in the learning community.
Policies must be flexible to take personal circumstances into consideration. Grace periods, volunteering in the library to pay off fines, installment plans with continued checkout for on-time payments, and amnesty days or weeks may be appropriate for some or all of the students. Simply put, “Some critics contend charging fines is unethical, especially in public or school libraries, and the meager results are not worth the harmful public relations fines incur” (Mitchell and Smith 2005). Co-developing late, damaged, and lost book policies that do not inhibit library use is important for principals and faculty to consider. No school library budget, however, can long afford to lose materials. Still, if the goal is to get books into kids’ hands, then there are risks involved. Policies should reflect the maximum benefit for learners with calculated risks for the collection.
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