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11 June 2015 In Business 0 comment

            A legal document is official and is written by a lawyer. It states contractual relationships between two or more parties, giving some rights in the process.

            For lawyers, words are the most important tools just like a weapon is to a hunter. It is through the written word that they can inform, advocate, instruct and persuade their clients, peers, and the judges. Writing this kind of document needs stellar writing skills that take some time to acquire. Below are some tips that can help you produce a persuasive legal document:

            Know you audience. One step to writing a good legal document is to establish who your reader is. If you are writing something to present before a court of law, make it persuasive enough. Similarly, when writing a memorandum to your client, give a detailed analysis of issues and provide recommendations at the end.

            Knowing your audience also helps you to tailor your language to suit their understanding. If you are writing to a client with no background in law, do not include terms that can make your reader feel less educated. It also helps to know your reader so that you can determine the kind of legal document to prepare; be it a letter, a memorandum or a pleading to a court.

            Ensure your document has a heading. It can be a letterhead or any other title of your choice. If you are writing a letter, include a letterhead at the top of the document. The letterhead should contain your company logo, name, address, and contacts. A case caption is used when writing a pleading. It contains the information about the case, starting with the state, names of the parties and addresses. A document title is used when writing directives and agreements such as wills.

            Organize yourself. Make your thoughts flow, introducing each paragraph in a manner that guides the reader to the next. Use a heading or a subheading if possible, so long as it makes the reader get your points clearly. Each of your points should take up a paragraph. Use transitions to connect your thoughts.

            Write concisely. Unless you are writing to fellow lawyers, the message you are passing across should be simple enough for anyone else to understand. Explain your points in simple and clear sentences. Organize your document into short paragraphs. Most readers have no time for long and wordy sentences. Ordinary language endears you more to your audience.

            To make your document more powerful, use an active voice. It brings out the vividness and the dynamism in any piece of writing. Passive voice makes your writing weak and trifling.

            Read and edit your work. Read your first draft and also give it to a non-lawyer to get the desired results. Note the words they take some time to understand and the phrases they find hard to fathom. Edit and proofread it once more to ensure there are no grammatical and spelling errors. Be sure the document is of high quality before you release it to the audience.

            Furthermore, a legal document should be consistent. The names, if any, should stay the same to the end. Any change is likely to cast doubts on your document. Remember to include the exact dates and time. It is also advisable in legal writing to use numerals instead of words when referring to amounts.

            A legal document should, therefore, follow the above steps, summarized below:

  • Know your audience.
  • Have a heading.
  • Organize yourself.
  • Write concisely.
  • Use an active voice.
  • Read and edit your work.
  • Be consistent.
11 June 2015 In Blogs 0 comment
Project management is the application of skills tools knowledge and techniques to project activities to meet its objectives. Project management is achieved through planning, initiating, executing, controlling, and closing. Project management risks describe the process involved in identifying, analyzing and responding to risks facing a project. There are two types of risk management, qualitative, and quantitative risk management.
Qualitative risk management is the process of assessing the impact and likes hood of identifying risks. The qualitative method of assessing risks in a project focuses on the potential effects that interfere with the project objectives. The management helps in identifying of addressing specific risks and guiding risk response. The qualitative risk assessment considers all the risks available and arranges them in terms of their likelihood of happening and their impact on the project. In qualitative first one comes up with the plan of managing the risk followed by identifying the risk. This is followed by determining the project status and them the project plan. After the risks are assessed qualitatively, it helps to come up with a list of risks with a high probability of affecting the project either negatively or positively.
The potential risks then are further analyzed using the quantitative risk management. The objective of further analyzing the risk using quantitative process is to determine the cost and the schedule required to manage the risk.  The process analyzes numerically the probability of each risk occurring and its impact on the project objectives. In this process of management, quantitative follows the qualitative risk management process by first determining the risk. Both processes of risk management can be done together or conducted separately. To gather information for quantitative risk management, interviewing is used which helps in qualifying the probability and the consequences of the risk to the project. This is followed by the sensitive analysis that helps in determining which risk has the highest impact on the project. The risks may be managed through mitigation, accepting, or transferring the risk to another party.
11 June 2015 In Blogs 0 comment
Climatic changes may refer to a change in average weather conditions. Climate change is caused by factors such as biotic processes, variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics, and volcanic eruptions. Certain human activities have also been identified as significant causes of recent climate change, often referred to as global warming (Wikipedia). This article discusses at length the effects of these climatic changes.
Extreme weather events. Extreme weather patterns such as El Nino can lead to adverse changes in the environment such as temperature fluctuations and flash floods.
Diseases. Diseases such as malaria can be increase as a result of climatic changes. Increased precipitation can increase mosquito population indirectly by expanding larval habitat. Malaria kills approximately 300,000 children annually, poses an imminent threat through temperature increase. (Speybroeck, 2011)
Water. Climate change has a negative impact on water resources and freshwater ecosystems. As the climate warms, it changes the nature of global rainfall, evaporation, and other factors that affect water supply and quality. Specific impacts include: warmer water temperatures affect water quality and accelerate water pollution; this reduces the amount of freshwater available for drinking and farming.
Displacement and migration. Climate change causes displacement of people through the increased number and severity of weather-related disasters which destroy homes causing people to seek shelter or livelihoods elsewhere. Effects of climate change such as desertification and rising sea levels gradually force communities to abandon traditional homelands for more accommodating environments. Deteriorating environments triggered by climate change can also lead to increased conflict over resources which in turn can displace people.
Climatic changes have far much adverse effects and it’s the duty of each and every individual to protect especially the environment for the purpose of eliminating these changes or at very least their reducing them.
11 June 2015 In Blogs 0 comment
Mr. Donald Thompson is the retired CEO of the Mc Donald Corporation. From July 2012 to March 2015 Donald served as the president of the Mc Donald and the chief executive officer. He had acted as the chief operating officer from 2010 to 2012. Moreover, he played the role of the president of Mc Donald USA and McDonald’s Restaurants in Canada from August 23, 2006 to January 11, 2010. Mr. Thompson has also acted as the head of national marketing of the US business in the organization. Since January 2005 Thompson played the role of executive vice president of the company and as the chief operating officer at McDonald's USA, LLC since January 2005.
 While serving as an Executive Vice President and innovation orchestration leader for McDonald's Restaurant Solutions Group Thompson was in charge of integrating establishing, and orchestrating McDonald's innovation pipeline to drive the business while in leadership, he provided ways that were used to identify and capitalize on new growth opportunities. This included including managing R&D, McDonald’s organization, concept development, and menu management functions. Additionally, Thompson has served as the president of various restaurants in different regions.Apart of acting as a president of various departments, Donald also served as Staff Director for the quality development department since 1993 and Project Manager since 1991 and. He also directed operations for the Denver Region of McDonald. Previously before joining McDonald Corporation, Donald worked as an Engineer Specialist in the Defense Systems Division of the Northrop Corporation. He has acted as a Trustee of Purdue University since July 7, 2009 and a member of the San Diego Ronald McDonald House Charities Board of Directors. He holds membership in the Economic Club, Civic Committee of the Commercial Club, the Arthur M. Brazier Foundation, and World Business Chicago. He held a degree in Science in Electrical Engineering from Purdue University and was awardedDoctor of Science from Excelsior College in Albany, New York in July 2008.
 

Apart of acting as a president of various departments, Donald also served as Staff Director for the quality development department since 1993 and Project Manager since 1991 and. He also directed operations for the Denver Region of McDonald. Previously before joining McDonald Corporation, Donald worked as an Engineer Specialist in the Defense Systems Division of the Northrop Corporation. He has acted as a Trustee of Purdue University since July 7, 2009 and a member of the San Diego Ronald McDonald House Charities Board of Directors. He holds membership in the Economic Club, Civic Committee of the Commercial Club, the Arthur M. Brazier Foundation, and World Business Chicago. He held a degree in Science in Electrical Engineering from Purdue University and was awardedDoctor of Science from Excelsior College in Albany, New York in July 2008.

Leadership style
There is the authoritative style where the leader mobilizes his or her team members towards a common goal or objective that is to be achieved but leaves to them to decide on the method to use to reach the destination. The style works best when the team leader is working with team members who have more knowledge and skills than him. This style is crucial because, in an organization, situations may change but as long as the team members have a clear vision of what they are expected to achieve they use all means to reach the goal.
The pacesetter style. Here the leader of the organization acts as a model to their other employees in the company. The method works best when the team is already motivated and skilled, and the head is needed for quick feedback. However, the style may limit innovation in an institution as it may overwhelm the team members.
The affirmative style emphasizes mainly on teamwork. In this type of leadership, harmony is ensured in the group through direct connection of the employees. The style helps in improving communication among employees and creating trust. In this form, the employees take the priority followed by their leaders. In the coaching style, the director prepares the employees for the future. The leader aims at helping his employees develop certain skills and acquire knowledge. It helps in connecting individual goals with organizational objectives. The styles, however, can backfire if it is perceived as micromanaging by the employees.
In the democratic style, the leader draws up individual skills and knowledge and initiates commitment towards the resulting goal. It works best when the direction of an organization is unclear. Here the team members own up and handle any decision or activity they carry out hence they are committed. The style is not effective or advisable when it comes to emergency situations. The commanding style also exists in organizations. It is most applicable in case of emergency. Here the coercive head demands immediate conformity. The style also helps in controlling a problem teammate when every other alternative has failed. However, this style of leadership should be avoided as it alienates the teammates from the leaders and hinders innovation.
Thompson believed in training his leaders to better their skills. He applied the coaching style. When he was promoted as the CEO of the corporation, Donald was involved in training the employees so as to better their skills and meets the organization objectives. He also applied the democratic style of leadership where the employees were to manage themselves and use their desired means as long as they met the goals of the organization. This made him become famous and was adored by many employees. Donald also acted as a pacesetter to his fellow leaders in the company. He led by example as he was hardworking and ready to learn. He also encouraged teamwork as the CEO of the organization that is the affirmative style of leadership. He urged members of various departments to work together and have the team goals apart from the corporation objectives. Thompson applied the commanding style of leadership at the end of his leadership in the organization. The company was faced with crisis as there was a decline in the market share, and their stock was falling. This forced him to take upa the style. However, this did not save him or the organization as he was later replaced.

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