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25 November 2014 In Academic 0 comment

You are studying and researching for your PhD., when your advisor wants you to start thinking about your PhD. thesis. The process in formulating a thesis can be long, depending upon your advisor. Depending upon your guide book, many specific formats exist for your thesis. One is APA. APA (American Psychological Association) is a format used in psychology, education and social sciences.

The first step in your thesis is to conduct research in books, articles, and scholarly journals. . Make notes of important concepts found in the book or article. Paraphrase the notes on note cards or on a separate sheet of paper. Be sure to write down the source where you received the information, in order to put on your reference page.

When you have completely finished researching for your PhD. thesis paper, begin writing for your rough draft. The paper you should use for your rough draft is 8.5” by 11” with 1” margins on all sides. The paper needs to be double spaced. Type in 12-point Times New Roman or Courier (serif typeface). Figure labels are typed in 12-point Arial, Helvetica, or any sans serif typeface.

Beginning with the title page, number each page. Figures and artwork are not numbered. Page numbers need to be located in the upper right corner of the thesis. The title’s first words should be in the right corner of every page, except for pages with figures and artwork.

Located at the top of every page is the running header. The running head should be 50 characters and in all capital letters. Order your PhD. thesis paper in this way: Title Page, Abstract, Introduction, Thesis (Research), References, and Appendices.

Your thesis’s title should be short, and not more than ten to twelve words. Center the title on the top of the page and put the title in sentence case. On the new line, center your first name, middle initial, and last name. If you have a suffix in your name (like Jr. or III), put a space between the last name and the suffix. The name of your college or university should be listed on a new line. List the city or state, if the place where you conducted research is not at a college or a university. If you are located outside the United States, list the city, state or province, and the country.

The abstract is a clear, short summary of your thesis. Starting at page two, the paragraph should be at most 120 words. In this section, the most important details of your paper should be highlighted. Abbreviations and special terms (except units of measurement) should be labeled in this section. If you have previous research on your topic, it needs to be cited here.

The introduction is listed on the third page of your PhD. thesis paper. You put the background information and purpose of your thesis, present your problem, explain why the problem is important, and identify works which are applicable to the paper. You also put your hypothesis and your variables in this section as well.

In the research portion, which is the bulk of your PhD. thesis paper, first begin with a paragraph which contains your thesis statement. Your thesis statement can be one of three methods: analytical, expository, and argumentative. First, an analytical PhD. thesis paper goes step by step in evaluating an idea or a topic to an audience. Second, an expository PhD. thesis paper, discusses a topic to the audience. Third, an argumentative PhD. thesis paper gives a claim about a topic and provides evidence proving that the viewpoint is convincing and true. The thesis statement should be located at the end of the first paragraph.

As you write your PhD. thesis paper, introduce the paragraphs through topic sentence. Sentences in the paragraph need to be evidence to help support the viewpoint of the topic sentence. This is where you integrate your material from your research into your PhD. thesis paper. You make an internal citation by using (Author, page number) of the source that you are referencing.

In your conclusion, you can state that your thesis statement has been supported by presenting ample evidence. Remind the reader of the points that you have made in the thesis and ways that these points are connected.

For your reference page, you list the sources of your research paper.

To properly cite your references, go to the Purdue OWL Writing Lab (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/).

The appendices provide information that would not be appropriate to include in the main body of your research paper. If you have appendices, name them with “Appendix A,” “Appendix B,” et. cetera.

A PhD. thesis paper is an important research paper of your career. Your grade should not suffer because your thesis is not written correctly in APA format. 

25 November 2014 In Academic 0 comment

Research methodology is the way you organize a research paper. You gather the information, sort the information, and organize the ideas in the research paper. The following article will discuss the research methodology of an APA research paper.

APA papers are notable in the behavioral sciences, social sciences and education.

To start, write down important information from sources that relate to your topic, such as books, articles, magazines, and journals. You should write your notes on note cards. The notes can range from quotations, sentences, and paragraphs. Be sure to paraphrase information on your note cards so that you will not be accused of plagiarism. Write down the material’s source for your reference page at the end of your report.

As you are finished reading and investigating material for your research paper, begin writing your rough draft. Print your rough draft on 8.5” by 11” paper with 1” margins on all sides. Double space the entire paper. Use 12-point Times New Roman or Courier (serif typeface). Figure labels need to use Arial, Helvetica, or any sans serif typeface.

Each page needs to be numbered, starting with the title page. Figures and artwork should not be numbered. Put page numbers up in the right corner of your research paper. The title’s first words should be in the right corner of
every page, except for pages with figures and artwork.

Located at the top of every page is the running header. The running header should be 50 characters and in all capital letters. The running header should be located on the title page’s upper left corner. Order your research paper in this manner: Title Page, Abstract, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, References,and Appendices.

The title of your research paper should be ten to twelve words, short and concise. The title should be located on the top of the page, centered, and in sentence case. On a new line, put your first name, middle initial, and last name. If you have a suffix in your name (like Jr. or III), put a space between the last name and the suffix. The next line should be the name of your college or university.  If the place where you conducted research is not at a college or a university, list the city and state. If your location is outside the United States, list the city, state or province, and the country.

The abstract is a clear, short summary of your research paper. Starting at page two, the paragraph should be a maximum of 120 words. The most important details of your research paper should be highlighted. Label abbreviations and special terms (except units of measurement). Cite previous research on your topic in this section.

Next is the introduction. Put the background information andpurpose of your research paper, present your problem, explain why the problem is important, and identify works which are applicable to the paper in this section. You also need to put your hypothesis and your variables in the introduction section.

In the method section, mention information to the reader so that he or she can repeat your experiment. Separate the section into three categories: participants,
materials, and procedures. For the participants section, discuss how you
selected the participants, the number of the participants you selected, and how you divided the number of participants in each sample. In the materials section, tell about the utensils that you used. In the procedure, make sure that you have an outline of your research paper.

The results summarize the statistics and data of your experiment in your research paper. Data and tables should be in this section.

The discussion page should begin with a statement which contradicts or supports your original hypothesis. If others have previously completed similar research, compare and contrast their research with your research. And, make a statement on your conclusions.

List the sources of your research paper on your references page. To properly source your references, go to the Purdue OWL Writing Lab
(http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/).

The appendices provide information that would not be appropriate to include in the main body of your research paper. If you have appendices, name them with “Appendix A,” “Appendix B,” et. cetera.

Research methodology is the way that a research paper is formatted. This article views how the APA formats a typical research paper.

25 November 2014 In Academic 0 comment
How to format an APA Thesis Introduction - 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 review

Your graduate advisor wants you to practice on your thesis, specifically on your introduction. He or she wants the introduction done in APA format. As a Masters or PhD. student, you are barely familiar with the format. APA (American Psychological Association) format is popular in education, behavioral sciences, and social sciences.

For your introduction, you need to research information in books, scholarly journals, databases, articles, and magazines. Make notes of important concepts found in the book or article. Paraphrase the notes on note cards or on a separate sheet of paper. Be sure to write down the source where you received the information, in order to put on your reference page.

When you have completely finished researching for your introduction, begin writing for your rough draft. The paper you should use for your rough draft is 8.5” by 11” with 1” margins on all sides. The paper needs to be double spaced. Type in 12-point Times New Roman or Courier (serif typeface) font

Number each page, beginning with the title page. Page numbers need to be located in the upper right corner of the paper. The title’s first words should be in the right corner of every page, except for pages with figures and artwork.

Located at the top of every page is the running header. The running header should be 50 characters and in all capital letters. Order your paper in this way: Title Page, Abstract, Introduction, and References.

The title is your cover page to your introduction. Your title should be short, to the point, and not more than ten to twelve words. Center the title on the top of the page and put the title in sentence case. On the new line, center your first name, middle initial, and last name. If you have a suffix in your name (like Jr. or III), put a space between the last name and the suffix. The name of your college or university should be listed on a new line. List the city or state, if the place where you conducted research is not at a college or a university. If you are located outside of the United States, list the city, state or province, and the country.

The abstract helps to define the key terms in the introduction. Eventually, the abstract will be a clear short summary of your thesis or dissertation. Starting at page two, the paragraph should be at most 120 words. In this section, the most important details of your paper should be highlighted. Abbreviations and special terms (except units of measurement) should be labeled in this section. If you have previous research on your topic, it needs to be cited here.

Listed on the third page is the introduction. On this page, you introduce the topic. And, describe the research prompt. You also give a summary of previous research which is relevant to your subject. Also, in your introduction, you present your hypothesis or thesis statement and your variables or supporting statements which assist your claims. If you use sources, cite them using (Author, page number). Be sure to use correct spelling and grammar.

For your reference page, you list the sources of your introduction. To properly cite your references, please visit the Purdue OWL Writing Lab (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/).

An introduction gives a preview of a research paper, a thesis, or a dissertation. If properly formatted, the introduction can properly give a preview to the audience.

 

25 November 2014 In Academic 0 comment
How to Write an APA Comparative Analysis - 1.0 out of 5 based on 1 review

Your university English Language teacher has asked you to write a comparative analysis paper. This paper, also known as a compare and contrast, allows the writer to analyze two different things or ideas. She wants you to write the paper in APA format. APA is an acronym for American Psychological Association. The APA’s format is popular in education, social sciences and behavioral sciences. This article will help you format a comparative analysis paper.

The first step in your thesis is to conduct research in books, articles, and scholarly journals. . Make notes of important concepts found in the book or article. Paraphrase the notes on note cards or on a separate sheet of paper. Be sure to write down the source where you received the information, in order to put on your reference page.

When you have completely finished researching for your PhD. thesis paper, begin writing for your rough draft. The paper you should use for your rough draft is 8.5” by 11” with 1” margins on all sides. The paper needs to be double spaced. Type in 12-point Times New Roman or Courier (serif typeface). Figure labels are typed in 12-point Arial, Helvetica, or any sans serif typeface.

Number each page, beginning with the title page. Figures and artwork are not numbered. Page numbers need to be located in the upper right corner of the thesis. The title’s first words should be in the right corner of every page, except for pages with figures and artwork.

Located at the top of every page is the running header. The running header should be 50 characters and in all capital letters. Order your comparative analysis paper in this way: Title Page, Abstract, Introduction, Comparative Analysis Paper, and References.

Your comparative analysis’s title should be short, and not more than ten to twelve words. Center the title on the top of the page and put the title in sentence case. On the new line, center your first name, middle initial, and last name. If you have a suffix in your name (like Jr. or III), put a space between the last name and the suffix. The name of your college or university should be listed on a new line. List the city or state, if the place where you conducted research is not at a college or a university. If you are located outside the United States, list the city, state or province, and the country.

The abstract is a clear, short summary of your comparative analysis. Starting at page two, the paragraph should be at most 120 words. In this section, the most important details of your paper should be highlighted. Abbreviations and special terms (except units of measurement) should be labeled in this section. If you have previous research on your topic, it needs to be cited here.

The introduction is listed on the third page of your comparative analysis. You put the background information and purpose of your thesis, present your problem, explain why the problem is important, and identify works which are applicable to the paper. You also put your hypothesis and your variables in this section as well.

In the research portion, which is the bulk of your comparative analysis paper, first begin with a paragraph which contains your thesis statement. Your thesis statement can compare and contrast people, places, things, or events. Give reasons why the two items are the same and how they are different.

As you write your comparative analysis paper, introduce the paragraphs through topic sentence. Sentences in the paragraph need to be evidence to help support the viewpoint of the topic sentence. This is where you integrate your material from your research into your comparative analysis paper. You make an internal citation by using (Author, page number) of the source that you are referencing.

In your conclusion, you can state that your thesis statement has been supported by presenting ample evidence. Remind the reader of the points that you have made in the thesis and ways that these points are connected.

For your reference page, you list the sources of your research paper.

To properly cite your references, go to the Purdue OWL Writing Lab (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/).

A comparative analysis paper is a paper which compares and contrasts two different things or ideas for the reader to comprehend. APA style makes it easier to format the paper for the audience to read.

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