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The main signs of division in the U.S. began to show in the early 1830’s after the abolitionist movements and also after the Mexican war which resulted in a lot of land acquisition. There was difference in interests over the use of the new acquired land which resulted in tension mounting. Slavery which also intensified later on also fueled division between the Northern states and the southern states. These issues characterized the beginning of the civil war because the two sides had differences in economics and culture. The northern states were for the abolitionists movement lead by William Lloyd who was against slavery although the southern states so no problem with the practice because they were benefiting greatly from the trade in their farms.
Cheap or free labour was among the reasons they did not want to do away with slavery. They thought that the aim of the northerners was to spark slave revolts (Dred, 2007). Efforts to solve the division resulted in compromise to form free states but this efforts were futile. Most politicians in the South opposed this efforts led by John Calhoun. However the main cause of division was the vast land that had been acquired in the Mexican war. The southerners wanted the land be allocated for farming of cotton while the Northerners ion the other hand wanted more free states. This heightened differences for both sides.
The American civil war took place between years 1861 and 1865. It was a war aimed at preserving the Union which was the U.S. There was difference in ideas as to the role which the formed federal government was to play. Some believed that the federal government was supposed to maintain power (Bruce & James, 2007). This believe was popular among the federalists. The non federalists on the other hand believed that states should maintain more power and have the right to determine its own laws and thus should be allowed to act independent of federal government’s mandate. At this time when the rights of states where being passed, there was a lot of disagreements on major issues of taxation, slavery among others. This period was characterized by hatred and protests against laws regarding slavery (Woloch, 2008).
Slavery however came to an end eventually after a long struggle and events characterized by violence and killings. The ending of slavery was an important milestone in ending the war because most issues were based around slavery such as land issues. Efforts to end slavery were many some including publications that showed negative effects of slavery in America. Such publications include Uncle Toms Cain by Harriet Beecher which was received with optimism and became a best seller. Bills such as the Kansas Nebraska bill allowed for sovereignty which was popular although it caused most southerners relocate to Kansas to make it a slave state. This activities however sparked issues that led to the sacking of pro slavery vigilantes.
Later on Abraham Lincoln came to power due to his anti slavery efforts although he did not use this as a tool to win. Southerners did not like this at all and there were fears he was to be assassinated (Woloch, 2008). He however assured the nation that he would settle most of the nation’s differences. He even responded to attacks by South Carolina by initiating a naval blockade of southern ports reducing the chance of the south defeating the North. He however meet a lot of resistance which made changes in tactics necessary to ensure American Liberty. He waited for a military victory which happened in 1862. Events afterwards lead to the destruction of the southern economy and the death of Lincoln after he was shot dead. This marked the end of the civil war.
Andrew Johnson took over in 1865 but failed to satisfy congress. Some Republicans plotted to remove in from power which eventually worked out. Ulysses S. Grant was later elected President in a bid to reconstruct America. He was an honest man but gullible which made his administration corrupt. His rule did not last long. Republicans decided to strike a one term deal with Rutherford B. Hayes a republican candidate in 1876 that would make sure he did no turn out like Grant and ensuring that he would end corruption and promote reconstruction. This lead to a famous compromise in 1877.
Bruce Catton, James M. McPherson. (2007). The Civil War. England: Mariner books.
Dred Scott. (2007). Fight for freedom: Africans in America. Retrieved on October 20, 2009 from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2932.html.
H., & Woloch, N. (2008). The Enduring Vision: A History of the American people. Boston:Houghton Mifflin Company.
Sharpe, J. (2009). The Civil War and Reconstruction. Retrieved on October 20, 2009, from http://angel.gcu.edu/section/default.asp?id=80878 Boyer, P., Clark, C., Kett, J., Salisbury, N., Sitkoff,
Writing an academic paper is an enormous feat. You have to research materials, cite information, formulate a hypothesis, provide data and information. But, you have to format your paper in a certain format, APA (American Psychological Association). This guide will help you to format your academic paper into APA format.
The difference between APA and other paper formats is that APA papers are notable in the behavioral sciences, education and social sciences.
While you are undergoing the process of organizing your academic paper, a good idea would be to write down important information from your sources on note cards. The information can range from quotations, sentences, and paragraphs. If you are copying exactly sentences and paragraphs, you will be accused of plagiarism. So, be sure to paraphrase information in your notes. Write down the source on the note cards for your reference page at the end of your report.
When you are done reading and finding information for your academic paper, write your rough draft. For your academic paper, you should use 8.5“ by 11“ paper with 1“ margins on all sides. Double space the entire paper. Use 12-point Times New Roman or Courier (serif typeface). Figure labels need to use 12-point Arial, Helvetica, or any sans serif typeface.
Number each page, beginning with the title page. Pages with figures or artwork should not be numbered. Place page numbers in the upper right corner of your academic paper. The first words of the title should be in the right corner of every page, except for pages with figures and artwork.
The running head is the shortened title which should be at the top of every page of the manuscript. The running head should be 50 characters and in all capital letters located on the upper left corner of the title page. The order of your academic paper should be Title Page, Abstract, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, References, and Appendices.
Your academic paper’s title should be ten to twelve words. Center the title on the top of the page and type the title on the top of the page. Type the title in sentence case. On a new line underneath the title, center your first name, middle initial, and last name. If you have a suffix in your last name (like Jr. or III), put a space between the last name and the suffix. Next on a new line, put the name of your college or university underneath your name. If the place where you conducted research is not located at a college or university, list the city and state. If your location is outside the United States, list the city, state or province, and the country.
Next, the abstract is a clear, short summary of your academic paper. The paragraph should be at most 120 words, starting at page two. The most important details of your paper should be highlighted. Label abbreviations and special terms (except units of measurements).
The introduction consists of the third page. Background information, the academic paper’s purpose, the presented problem, the problem’s importance, and important works are included in this section. The hypothesis and your variables are in this section as well.
For the method section, you mention information in your academic paper so that the reader can repeat your experiment. The section should be separated into three categories: participants, materials, and procedures. In the participants section, discuss how you selected the participants, the amount that you selected, and how you separated the participants in each sample. In the materials section, tell about the tools you used. For the procedure, make sure that you have an outline of your research paper.
For the fifth section, the results, provides a synopsis of the statistics and data you have incorporated into your paper. Put tables and data in this section.
The discussion page should start with a statement that contradicts or supports your original hypothesis. If others have made similar research, compare and contrast their research with yours. And, make a concluding statement.
Seventh, list the sources of your academic paper on your reference page. A helpful website to cite your references is located at the Purdue OWL Writing Lab (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/).
Lastly, the appendices list the information which would not fit elsewhere. If you have appendices, name them with “Appendix A,” “Appendix B.” et. cetera.
An academic paper is an important paper in college. In order to make your academic paper stand out, correctly format the paper in APA format, perform a spell and grammar check, and go over the integrity of your sources.
In your marketing class at your university, your instructor wants you to write a marketing essay in APA format. You know the material pretty well, but you do not know what APA (American Psychological Association) format is. You go to the library and search for answers. On the Internet you find this guide that will help you format APA papers. APA papers are generally used in the fields of education, social sciences, and psychology. In this guide, you will find tips in formatting an APA marketing essay.
The first step in your marketing essay is locating material from sources such as books, research journals, and articles. Write notes and highlight important points from the sources. Paraphrase ideas from the sources.
After you have completed reading your sources for your marketing essay, start writing your rough draft. You will need to use 8.5” by 11” paper with 1” margins on all sides. The research project needs to be double spaced and typed with 12-point serif typeface (Times New Roman or Courier). If you have figures, you need to label them with 12-point sans serif typeface (Arial or Helvetica).
Beginning with the title page, every page of your research project should be numbered on the upper right corner. Do not number the pages with artwork and figures. The next step in your marketing essay is to write your rough draft. The order of your paper should be Title, Abstract, Introduction, Research, and References.
Make your marketing essay’s title concise. Make sure that the title does not go over twelve words. The title should be on the top of the page and centered. The title should be typed in sentence case. Press enter twice, and type your first name, middle initial, and last name. If you are named “Jr.” or “III,” put a space between the last name and the suffix. For the next new line of your business research paper, enter the name of your college or university where you conducted research. If you don’t have a research institution, you can list the city and state where you conducted the research for your project. If you are researching outside of the United States, list your city, province, and the country.
The abstract is the summary of your research paper and is located on the second page. The abstract should be at most 120 words. Highlight the most important details of your business research paper. Label abbreviations and special terms (except units of measurement). Previous research should be noted in this section.
The introduction is listed on the third page. The purpose of the marketing essay background information, presented problem, give details to the problem’s importance, and identify works which are applicable to the paper. Your thesis and supporting statements should be mentioned in this section.
Next, for the research section, place the running header on the upper left side of the page. Center the title on the top of the page, which should be in sentence case. Describe your marketing essay, the information that you are trying to prove (thesis and supporting statements), topic sentences and evidence to support your thesis, and your conclusions.
Finally, name your marketing essay’s sources on the references page. A guide to properly cite your references is located at the Purdue OWL Writing Lab (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/).
A marketing essay details the relationship between the product and the customer. By using this guide as a tool, you can be well aware of the APA format.
In college, your English Literature professor has assigned you to analyze a poem from 19th century Britain. He wants it done in APA format. As a freshman in college, you are unfamiliar with APA format. APA stands for American Psychological Association. APA papers are generally written in behavioral sciences, social sciences, and education. This guide will assist you in writing an analysis of a poem in APA format.
First, read the poem. Note the title, author, time period that the poem was written. As you read the poem, note how the stanzas are arranged, the tone of the poem, the thematic elements, characterization, point-of-view, grammar, punctuation, and other elements. Take notes line by line and take into consideration what the author of the poem is trying to communicate.
When you have completed analyzing your poem, begin writing for your rough draft. The paper you should print for your rough draft is 8.5” by 11” with 1” margins on all sides. The paper needs to be double spaced. Type in 12-point Times New Roman or Courier (serif typeface). Figure labels are typed in 12-point Arial, Helvetica, or any sans serif typeface.
Number each page, beginning with the title page. Figures and artwork are not numbered. Page numbers need to be located in the upper right corner of the page. The title’s first words should be in the right corner of every page, except for pages with figures and artwork.
At the top of every page is the running head. The running head should be 50 characters and in all capital letters. Your paper should be arranged in this manner: Title Page, Abstract, Introduction, Research, and References. Your title should be short and concise, and not more than ten to twelve words. Center the title on the top of the page and put the title in sentence case. On the new line, center your first name, middle initial, and last name. If you have a suffix in your name (like Jr. or III), put a space between the last name and the suffix. The name of your college or university should be listed on a new line. List the city or state, if the place where you conducted research is not at a college or a university. If you are located outside the United States, list the city, state or province, and the country.
The abstract is a clear, short summary of your poem. Beginning with page two, the paragraph should be at most 120 words. In this section, the most important details of your paper should be highlighted. Abbreviations and special terms (except units of measurement) should be labeled in this section. If you have previous research on your topic, it needs to be cited here.
Listed on the third page is the introduction. You can put the background information of your poem and a brief biography of the author.
In the research portion, which is the bulk of your paper, first begin with a paragraph which contains your thesis statement about the poem. Your thesis statement analyzes the poem’s significance.
As you write your thesis, introduce the paragraphs through topic sentence. Sentences in the paragraph need to be evidence to help support the viewpoint of the topic sentence. This is where you integrate your material from your prior analysis of the poem into your paper. You make an internal citation by using (Author, page number) of the source that you are referencing.
In your conclusion, you can state that your thesis statement has been supported by presenting ample evidence. Remind the reader of the points that you have made in the thesis statement and ways that these points are connected.
For your reference page, you list the sources of your research paper. To properly cite your references, go to the Purdue OWL Writing Lab (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/).
A poem is a piece of literature, which can have many interpretations. By using the APA format, the poem’s analysis can be structured in an effective manner