Over the past few years, cybercrime has been growing at a very fast rate and many hackers are now widely and exploitatively been using the internet in carrying out both minor and major crimes owing to its speed, accessibility and anonymity. Cybercrime encompasses many types of crimes that can be categorized into three main categories dating back to the mid-90s. Firstly the crime in which the computer is the incidental gadget in the commissioning of the crime. Secondly the computer is used as a tool for carrying out the crime. Third involves crimes whereby the computer is used as the target of committing an offence (Brenner, 2010).
There are many factors that act as key drivers that facilitate the widespread of cybercrime and the one topping the list is the advancement in technology. The cyber criminals are making use of the advanced technologies to develop sophisticated applications such as malicious software eventually leading to cybercrime syndicates. The criminals can use their cyber security knowledge to attack computer networks thereby interfering with any private data. Secondly, governments have failed the necessary mechanisms to put in place adequate measures that can be employed in dealing with criminal activities (Marion, 2010). Third, some of the criminal activities conducted in the cyber space have been politically motivated whereby some political leaders have taken the advantage of the cybercrime to execute sabotage and espionage through the cyber space. Human errors have also created loopholes where cyber criminals can get access to the systems (Zeng, 2011).
Any successful criminal activity in the cyberspace may have far reaching impacts; it can make an individual, group, organization or the government to lose their property. Secondly, there will be loss in the customer’s confidence and trust either on the hacked site or the whole internet. Third, there may be issues of financial losses. In fact, according to research, the society and the government loses huge amounts of money every year following crimes committed in the cyberspace (Rowley, 2014).
From the above discussion, it is clear that a cybercrime is a serious offense whereby the computer is the target or the tool of committing, or both. It is a type of crime that has been fast-growing over the past few years owing to the ever emerging technological changes and developments. It has been facilitated by several factors that are not only limited to technological developments. Finally, it has impacted negatively to the society whereby for instance, it has made the society and the government to incur huge losses ranging from hundreds of thousands to billions of money on an annual basis.